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overview

 

With increasing gas needed as a primary energy requirement in the Middle East, attention is continuing to focus on projects in shale gas, tight gas development and sour gas delivery and evaluation throughout the region, particularly in the UAE.

Al Hosn Gas is expected to deliver 0.5 billion standard cubic ft daily when the Shah project is fully operational which is expected to commence very shortly. Additionally, 4,400 tons of NGL and 9,000 tons of sulphur will be produced daily. The Bab sour gas field starts production in 2020 and will also contribute significantly to the gas requirement adding 14 mcm daily. However, Bab will present a greater challenge, as it is more sour than Shah and not as rich in liquids. Plans for the Shuwaihat field are ongoing as well as the technical evaluation of the offshore Hail field which is lower in H2S and CO2 but provides difficulties given its location and accessibility.

Shah Project

Other regional projects such as the Harweel Cluster and Mabrouk fields in Oman, and in the KSA, the Khurais field expansion, Manifa field and the Wasit processing plant where 99.3% sulphur recovery will be achieved, serve to indicate that this region is establishing itself as an international centre of excellence in gas conditioning. This is underlined by moves to unlock very challenging deep gas reserves in Jurassic formations in Northern Kuwait. However, these reservoirs are naturally fractured, tight carbonate, occurring at a deep, high-pressure, high-temperature and sour environment requiring special attention, particularly with regard to ensuring strict compliance to health, safety and environmental standards. Also in Qatar, the $10.3 billion Barzan Gas Project is expected to boost production of natural gas in the North field by initially 48.1 MCM per day rising to 176 MCM per day upon completion. Moreover, there are future plans for several new gas processing plants for the Akkaz and Mansouriya gas fields in Iraq and the expectant plans for gas processing plants operated by POGC in Iran.

However sour gas exploration and production is not limited to the Middle East given the considerable concentrations of sour gas located elsewhere in the world.

The technologies involved in sour field management and production are always progressing and the latest developments across the whole management spectrum will play a major part in the successful extraction of the necessary gas together with the beneficial uses of the CO2 injection replacing natural gas injection for EOR which ADNOC plan to commence in early 2016. However it is well known that sour gas streams contain various other contaminants such as mercaptans, water and mercury, among other unacceptable components. Removing these contaminants is required prior to any downstream processing. The type and quantity of gas components that need to be controlled will dictate the number of technologies and units required to meet product specifications and papers across the whole spectrum of gas conditioning and sulphur management will be presented at this established SOGAT International Conference..

As in previous years tailored Workshops on topical issues in these and related areas will be presented in the first two days of SOGAT 2015 and cover: Advanced Technologies for Sour Gas Processing, Sulphur Recovery, Forming & Handling; Gas Compression; Amine Treating; Gas Feed and Inlet Contamination Management; and Sour Gas Treatment & Effective Management.

The SOGAT Exhibition will see a number of the world’s leading vendors and suppliers returning yet again to support the event together with new groups, thus making SOGAT 2015 a one stop review of all the latest international developments in Sour Hydrocarbon Management.

 

 
 
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